||The drum heads use skins of goat, cow, and buffalo
||No animal skins are used as the drum heads are synthetic
||Ethical, as no animals are harmed
||Shells are made of wood
||Shells are made of fiberglass
||Environmentally friendly, as no trees are required to be cut
||Weight is typically more than 10 kgs
||Weight is typically 4.5 to 5 kgs
||Light weight and highly travel friendly. At the same time it is not too light so as to cause the Mrudanga to move and roll during playing.
||Pitch may sometimes change suddenly due to variation in temperature and humidity
||Pitch does not vary appreciably with temperature and humidity
||No need for frequent retuning during a performance
||Tonal qualities vary from instrument to instrument
||Excellent tonal clarity, sustain, and resonance
||Consistent tonal quality
||Difficult to tune over a wide tuning range
||Can be tuned over a range unachievable in the traditional Mrudanga
||Wide tuning range
||Karane is made of boiled rice and other materials like iron powder. The adhesion of the Karane to the skin is through the starch which acts like a glue. This necessitates the frequent replacement of the Karane.
||The Karane is chemically bonded to the drum head membrane so that it does not fall off or wither away with time
||This eliminates the need for Karane replacement. The head is also impervious to hand sweat.
||Heads are fixed to the shell permanently. So re-heading the shell has to be done only by a Mrudanga craftsman.
||Heads are detachable and assembling the drum heads is very simple
||If the heads get worn out they can be easily replaced by the users themselves
||In case of the nut bolt Mrudanga, the hooks project out of the shell; they may hurt the fingers while playing
||The nuts and bolts are placed in a way that they are completely non obstructive. Furthermore, the tuning hardware, except the tuning nut that needs access, is completely covered and protected.
||Aesthetic appearance with complete protection for hands while playing
||For the left side, a semolina paste needs to be applied at the centre of the head. This limits the playing area and may stick to the fingers and become messy
||The loading of the left head is done from within, thereby providing a larger playing area and without the mess of semolina paste sticking to the fingers.
||As the semolina paste is completely eliminated, it: a. Provides larger playing area b. Provides protection from messing up with the sticky paste c. Saves time
||Heads cannot be cleaned easily
||Heads can be cleaned with a moist cloth
||Heads can be cleaned with a moist cloth, which is unthinkable in the case of the animal skin heads